Freedom of speech is the right to articulate one’s opinions and ideas without fear of government retaliation or censorship, or societal sanction. The term freedom of expression is sometimes used synonymously, but includes any act of seeking, receiving and imparting information or ideas, regardless of the medium used.
For me freedom of speech can be both negative and positive. It has both sides to it.The ability to articulate and express ideas for personal as well as political purposes is unique to humanity. This ability is, however, not without restraint. Various thinkers have explored the idea of freedom in order to expound the relationship between individuals and their society. Freedom of speech constitutes not only the act of speech but also its substance. Speech is made free oftentimes with regard to its subject matter. While most democracies today have laws for the protection of freedom of speech, any speech that can be considered an incite mentor offensive speech that threatens the peace and security of a region may be curtailed to achieve the larger purpose of the preservation of societyThe ‘negative’ ‘freedom from’ concept of liberty sets limits for the freedom of speech, it can be argued that those in favor of unrestrained free speech invoke the ‘positive’ freedom to pursue unrestricted speech to achieve a higher end. The ‘positive’ notion of freedom is grounded in rationalism. It allows freedom of one to prevail over the freedom of others so long as there is a rational basis for such subjugation, as long as one is rational, their speech will be respected by all.